Combined preparations . A number of trials have been carried out with implants containing two hormones. The combination of an oestrogen with an anabolic steroid, or with progesterone, has met with the greatest responses. Synovex-S has consistently increased gain as well as FCE, with responses averaging about 20% and 17% respectively (20, 21, 22, 34, 35, 36, 37, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48). Hexoestrol + TBA (usually 30 or 45 mg hexoestrol + 300 mg TBA) has resulted in marked increases in gain (24, 25, 26, 29, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53), of the order of 30% and in FCE (25, 49, 50, 51, 53) of the order of 20%. Oestradiol-17β + TBA (20/140 mg) has given similar results (27, 28, 37, 54, 55), as has Zeranol + TBA (36/300 mg), also recently tested (27, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 56).
Injectable steroids are injected into muscle tissue, not into the veins. They are slowly released from the muscles into the rest of the body, and may be detectable for months after last use. Injectable steroids can be oil-based or water-based. Injectable anabolic steroids which are oil-based have longer half-life than water-based steroids. Both steroid types have much longer half-lives than oral anabolic steroids. And this is proving to be a drawback for injectables as they have high probability of being detected in drug screening since their clearance times tend to be longer than orals. Athletes resolve this problem by using injectable testosterone early in the cycle then switch to orals when approaching the end of the cycle and drug testing is imminent.
Testosterone and its derivate are made synthetically pharmaceutically as drugs for many different treatments. Pharmaceutical research of anabolic steroid is not focused a lot on muscle grow in healthy individuals but only in some aging related diseases like sarcopenia – the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength as a result of aging. Osteoporosis is one of the aging diseases that is also sometimes treated with anabolic steroids. In all these treatments, serious hormonal misbalance is highly possible, and a reaction of other, not targeted tissues. Some of the side effects using anabolic steroids can lead to liver conditions like peliosis hepatis – blood-filled cysts replacing healthy liver cells. This condition is often diagnosed late when it is already life threatening to treat liver failure present or intra-abdominal bleeding start.